Travel is generally the moving transfer of individuals between various geographic locations. Travel can be to a local destination or to a long distance destination, with or without personal belongings, and may be one-way or round trip. Travel dates generally indicate the period of time that the travel party group is planning on traveling. Some travel dates indicate a special event, holiday, or sports event. The term “trip” generally describes a journey that includes stopping, staying overnight, or both.
Travel dates are used for calculating airfare, rental cars, ground transportation, lodging, meals, entertainment, tours, and sightseeing. The U.S. Department of Transportation and other organizations provide data on travel, which can be obtained in different formats. These include, but are not limited to, college rankings and consumer opinion surveys on travel. These types of data can be very useful for researchers studying the relationship between tourism and health, the quality of travel and related services and infrastructure, the impact of travel on tourism and travel-related industries, the impact of the tourism and travel-related industries on the distribution and supply of goods and services within and across different geographic areas, the nature of travel and tourism, and the demographics of tourism. It can also be helpful to marketers and tourism administrators studying the consumer’s preferences regarding travel.
There are many factors that influence the amount and kind of travel. One such factor is a country’s economic development. People usually travel from one country to another in search of a better job, a better lifestyle, higher social status, a more attractive work environment, etc. A person’s salary or benefits also influences their travel decisions. Business people usually travel to another country to conduct business. Tourism also plays a vital role in a country’s economy, and people travel from one tourist destination to another for different reasons such as sightseeing, adventure, relaxation, entertainment, and migration.
Tourism has a direct and measurable impact on the quality of life in a country. It contributes to economic growth, employment generation, social development, cultural integration, and peace and security. A thriving tourism industry contributes significantly to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), as tourism generates a great amount of income for a country’s economy. Traveling destinations in other countries are becoming popular due to climate, culture, and natural resources. Many international hotel chains offer special packages to travelers who travel to distant geographical locations, as most of them offer warm showers and comfortable accommodations in various cities worldwide.
Another significant impact of tourism on a country’s economy is the number of foreign tourists. Tourists spending time in a destination country boost the creation of employment opportunities for that country. The tourism industry provides employment to many; therefore, it has a positive impact on the employment rate, which leads to inflation of currency values of a country. International visitors who spend time in a destination country also make friends with local people, especially the youth, thus, creating a positive impact on tourism in that particular country. Foreign tourists also purchase products and services in that destination country, thus contributing to local employment.
To sum up, tourism can play a very important role in the economy of a nation. On the other hand, there are negative aspects to tourism as well, like tourism-induced inflation, loss of jobs and businesses, and business travel expenses. Thus, it is up to each individual to decide whether they want to invest money in tourism or not.